The 4 Stages of Gum Disease

four stages of gum disease Boulder

Gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss in adults. It’s a progressive disease, and when in its earliest stages it’s easily treatable at Boulder County Smiles. Here are the four main stages of gum disease.


The main symptoms of gingivitis include red or swollen gums that cause discomfort while brushing and flossing. You may notice bad breath on occasion. Gingivitis is often caused by the buildup of bacteria on teeth and the gum line.

Early Stage Periodontal Disease

This means an infection has spread beneath your gums, allowing harmful bacteria to begin harming the bone holding your teeth in place. An aggressive treatment plan can prevent it from getting worse.

Moderate Periodontal Disease

Moderate periodontal disease involves more advanced care. Surgery can reshape your gums and close pockets between the gums and teeth to reduce plaque buildup. This may sound intimidating, but the prognosis can be good.

Advanced Periodontal Disease

Flap surgery is common for this stage and involves cleaning the actual roots of your teeth by scrubbing behind your gums. Weakened bone can be smoothed or shaped to avoid bacteria from collecting.

Daily brushing and flossing, along with regular checkups at Boulder County Smiles in Lafayette CO, can prevent gum disease. People from Boulder, Louisville, and Broomfield rely on our care, and also  come to us for complete general and family dentistry. Schedule an appointment today!

Contact Boulder County Smiles:


Location (Tap to open in Google Maps):

1140 W South Boulder Rd Ste 201
Lafayette, Colorado


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